The US fears the rise of China’s nuclear arsenal

The difficulty, already accentuated by the respective positions in the geopolitical and commercial fields, between the US and China, risks a dangerous worsening due to the concerns expressed by Washington for the nuclear proliferation carried out by Beijing, in the context of the strengthening of the nuclear weapons of the army Chinese. China’s great power aspirations, according to the Communist president and government, can also materialize through the increase of the nuclear arsenal, which has become central to the country’s military tactical policy. American analysts have identified the construction of a series of silos for the launch of nuclear warheads, located in various Chinese regions. Currently, Beijing’s nuclear warheads would be estimated at about 350 units, a quantity still much lower than the availability of countries such as the United States and Russia, in particular Washington would be in possession of about 4,000 warheads, equal to 90% of all nuclear weapons present on the planet; however, according to the Pentagon, the Chinese increase would be considerable, given that until a year earlier there were 200 Chinese heads: an increase, therefore, of 150 units in 365 days. One aspect that worries the American Congress is the way in which China is secretly proceeding with its nuclear weapons development plan, a matter that Beijing considers strategic for being able to compete globally, especially with the US, but also with regional adversaries such as the ‘India. This situation, which places China at the center of international political attention, comes at a time when Moscow and Washington are preparing to meet for negotiations on how to avoid a new run-up to nuclear weapons. If, to the already present difficulties among the major nuclear powers to find a solution to the non-proliferation of atomic weapons, we add the growing Chinese activism, we can understand how the future situation is potentially very dangerous. In the presence of a third actor that increases its arsenal beyond any rule, both the US and Russia could feel free of constraints and develop new weapons. The Chinese tactic is now predictable, the accusations against the US are now a boring repetition: that of seeing an imaginary enemy to divert attention from its internal problems. China says it is open to bilateral talks on the issue of strategic security on condition that they are held on an equal footing and this appears impossible given the great imbalance of the nuclear arsenals in Washington’s favor. If the US sees a real potential danger, the individual Chinese reasons, observed by a neutral observer, appear justified by the desire to recover at least part of the lost ground on nuclear weapons; reversing the view it is legitimate to ask how the United States, but also Russia (always ahead of China), would respond to a request from Beijing to reduce its arsenal. The question is that we have come out of a logic of general reduction of nuclear warheads, because these weapons, in this historical moment, represent again, as during the Cold War, a psychological deterrent for a balance, but of much more difficult management in a world no longer bipolar but multipolar, even if characterized by two main powers, in any case surrounded by regional powers of great strategic importance. The real challenge would be to include China in global talks on the issue of disarmament, but not as a supporting actor, but with the right dignity of a great power that Beijing desires at the political level; this certainly will not solve the problem of proliferation but could allow the start of a dialogue on this issue, also with the aim of improving the respective relations. Seen from the Western point of view, Chinese nuclear proliferation cannot fail to be a highly worrying factor, given that it is still a country governed by a dictatorship and which through the soft power exercised in other areas of the world has shown a willingness to export its own political model; certainly this cannot work with the West and the suspicion that behind the increase of its military arsenal there is the intention to exert pressure is almost a certainty. But for this very reason it is important to avoid any possible drift and further worsening of relations: otherwise the risk of tense situations will be more and more likely.

North Korea and South Korea are reconnecting

Today records a positive change in relations between the two Koreas: in fact, the borders have been opened again, closed for thirteen months with a unilateral decision by North Korea, in retaliation against what had been judged, by Pyongyang, propaganda activities of Seoul anti North Koreans. Diplomatic activities continued thanks to the personal commitment of the two leaders, who have had an epistolary relationship since April, precisely to improve the ties of their respective countries. The first tangible development in the improvement of relations between North and South Korea was identified in the reopening of cross-border communications between the two countries. If we look at the normal attitude of Pyongyang, marked by mistrust and closure, the result appears very significant, even if it could hide difficulties on the part of the North Korean regime, which accuses the negative effects of the pandemic, especially for health and hygiene aspects and for the difficulty in procuring sufficient food needs for their own population. From the official point of view of the North Koreans, particular emphasis has been given to resuming contacts, the North Korean news agency talks about progress made by the two sides for the recovery of mutual trust, providing a clear certificate in Seoul, also certified from the sure positive effects that the resumption of relations will have on the improvement of relations and on the expectations of both populations of the resumption of Korean ties. The diplomatic work concerned, in particular, the search for the progress of reconciliation to be able to foster trust between the two parties and put relations between the two states at the center. Also on the South Korean side it was underlined how the process of detente was followed in person by the two leaders, thanks to a close exchange of letters, which took place on several occasions; this public appreciation by Seoul appears as significant as that of Pyongyang, it should be remembered that North Korea blew up the liaison office in June last year, cutting off border relations and this aroused much outrage in South Korea This interruption of relations blocked a diplomatic activity initiated since 2018 between President Moon and Kim Jong-un, who had three meetings that allowed the achievement, among other things, of the decrease in military tensions. These latest developments are considered favorably by analysts for the creation of a detente, if not permanent, at least lasting between the two countries: the commitment of Seoul should favor collaboration between the two parties and also the attitude of the White House seems oriented towards favor this process as much as possible, with a view to making a decisive contribution to regional stability. Already a summit between Moon and Biden, which was held in Washington in May, confirmed the will of the USA and South Korea to maintain the agreements between the two Koreas and the United States, just as a tangible sign to foster dialogue with North Korea. It should be remembered that Pyongyang had withdrawn from the US after the failure of Trump’s attempt to reach an agreement with Kim Jong-un. Despite the good news that these developments provide, it is useless not to hide at least a small dose of mistrust towards North Korea, which is certainly worthwhile, like South Korea, to find a climate of relaxation with the neighboring country, also from the point of view economic, but the current state of need in Pyongyang should certainly not be underestimated, which at this moment sees its economy prostrate and in great difficulty, so much so that there are considerable suspicions of the presence of famines in the peripheral areas of the country and also the future prospects they leave no room for any improvement. The Chinese role has yet to be fully evaluated: it could be the inspiration for the current North Korean will, a sort of role that the US has played with Seoul; for Beijing, as for Washington, there is no interest that Pyongyang alters the fragile regional equilibrium and could skimp on aid precisely to favor an almost obligatory pacification for North Korea with South Korea. Limiting personalistic, individual and outside the box it is a common interest of the two opposing powers, who prefer a reciprocal confrontation, without external influences, often not controllable.

The situation in Cuba is increasingly difficult, amid repression and new sanctions

The protests that took place in Cuba last July 11 provoked a strong repression which resulted in a series of summary trials, without legal guarantees; the accused are all demonstrators who have been charged with the crimes of public disorder and incitement to crime, despite the fact that the vast majority of the suspects were not guilty of violent acts. The sentences imposed range from ten to twelve months in prison and are the result of trials where it was impossible to ensure the choice of defenders with the consequence of the impossibility of preparing an adequate defense strategy. The fact that the number of detainees has not been officially communicated by the authorities gives an idea of ​​how the Cuban regime intends to operate in an authoritarian manner with the sole purpose of stifling the protest; unofficial sources speak of more than half a thousand arrests, which were followed by some releases, house arrest pending trial and an unspecified number of people who remain in the places of detention for which the trial is expected more quickly. The guarantees of the authorities on compliance with procedural guarantees do not reassure the arrested and their families or even international public opinion, which fears, through these proceedings, a resumption of the repressive activity of the regime. From a practical point of view, the few conceivable days that will elapse between arrest and sentence do not allow for an adequate defense and this circumstance seems to be a functional means of exercising repression with semblance of law. The Cuban judicial authorities have announced possible penalties of up to twenty years of imprisonment for those involved in looting and violent acts, but it seems easy to include in this case also non-violent demonstrators, who are in any case against government policy. The regime itself is, however, at a crucial point: the threat of trials serves to calm the protests, but if the threats are implemented, an increase in protest in the streets appears inevitable, which the government could not cope with except with repressive methods, unleashing international outrage and the possible increase in sanctions; conversely, a more conciliatory attitude could allow the regime an honorable way out. One of the major causes of arrest was that involving those caught filming the repressions: this element focuses on the Cuban government’s habit of censorship, despite the change in power that took place after the Castro dynasty. All these elements have contributed to greater US attention, with the Biden administration stepping up pressure on Cuba with direct sanctions against the defense minister and the special unit that has distinguished itself in the repression of recent demonstrations; Biden’s attitude, however, is not a continuation of Obama’s attitude, based on the thaw between the two sides, but rather has points of contact with what Trump did, who had re-established the restrictions on travel and trade and maintained by the current tenant of the White House. It remains true that Biden must find a mediation between his own party, where members of the Cuban-American movements are asking for even heavier sanctions, and the left of the party, which would like more attenuated sanctions to reduce the difficulties of the population. The US president, with his staff, in this regard, would be working on solutions capable of alleviating the fallout of the sanctions on Cubans, such as ensuring that remittances from emigrants can reach their destination, making it impossible for the regime to confiscate. A further measure is to try to encourage free access to communications through a use of the internet without censorship. The reactions of the Cuban government have touched the obvious with the accusations that the United States of having organized the protests, despite a certainly very critical economic and social situation, which forces Cubans to very difficult living conditions, despite the many expectations generated by that. which must have been the end of the Castro dynasty.

London would like to negotiate the rules for Northern Ireland again

The Brexit rules, which concern the transit of goods from the Northern Irish border, are unwelcome in London due to the practical problems they are generating and this has led the British government to ask Brussels to change this regulation. In his speech to the House of Lords, the Brexit minister expressly affirmed the need for essential changes to the protocol for Northern Ireland already agreed with the European Union. The institutional situation that could be created and which has been perceived as a possible threat in Brussels, could be the use of the application of Article 16, which can allow both parties to withdraw from the signed rules and which regulate the entire exit. of Great Britain from the Union. An eventuality that could have dire consequences for relations between London and Brussels and which includes various possible solutions: from a total break up to a very unlikely resumption of negotiations. Between the two sides, although both have a lot to lose with a possible suspension of the laboriously reached agreements, Great Britain appears to have greater disadvantages in perspective, with the absence of common rules for mutual commercial relations. If the intention of the British minister was to threaten a withdrawal from the agreements, the impression is that it was an almost desperate move, which signals the inability of London to manage a freely signed situation; after all, the European reaction was the one widely expected: a refusal to renegotiate the protocol, deeming this solution unacceptable, even though it was willing to seek solutions to solve the problems. The European position seems to be a manifestation of good will, but not entirely real, in the sense that exhibiting a show of strength could be favorable to the British, conversely a more firm attitude, in compliance with what was signed, but still collaborative exposes London to research of non-traumatic solutions. The reason for the dispute remains the European controls imposed on goods entering the Northern Irish border, considered excessive by London; however this choice was forced in order not to introduce customs controls with what is a state that no longer belongs to the Union. London has probably underestimated the practical difficulties of these controls or caused these difficulties precisely to renegotiate the use of the only physical contact on land with the Union; even the British explanations, in search of a new equilibrium, also in aid of Brussels to protect its single market, appear specious and suspicious. The most likely reading is that the British government suffers from a situation created by itself, which is a mixture of incompetence and impudence, where the aim is to circumvent the rules signed to access the European market by a shortcut, which is widely foreseen by the ‘ European Union. A further assessment to be made is that the protocol concerning Northern Ireland is the most sensitive issue for the most extreme nationalists, who represent a significant share of Boris Johnson’s electorate and, despite a large majority approval by the English parliament, remain a highly contested issue, becoming a factor of balance of the conservative party’s assets. The difficulties of the British government must take into account all the components to be able to maintain power and the Brexit issue was decisive in reaching power through the last elections: a lack of support from the most extreme parts of the nationalists can nullify the project of governability of the London premier. In the current state of affairs, the judgment on the British government touches on unreliability because it claims to renegotiate the rules that have just been signed, which have certainly not been imposed by Europe: yet another confirmation, that, in spite of everything, the English exit from Europe , in the long run, it can only be advantageous for Brussels, because, on the political level, the lost member is a member who does not guarantee any space for shared planning and represents a lesson that cannot be applied to other members of convenience, as was the United Kingdom itself, to bring the European Union back into its founding aims, leaving aside a forced inclusiveness that is not justified by general convenience.

Problems related to wanting to expand the European Union with the Balkan countries

The inclusive vision of Germany, probably partly explainable by the economic advantages to be gained for itself, of the Balkan countries within the European Union sees an acceleration on the part of Chancellor Merkel, who recently reaffirmed her position, while acknowledging that the integration process still requires the achievement of various conditions and requirements. According to Merkel, the six Balkan countries, which have not yet been integrated into the European Union, must be able to join Brussels because this is of fundamental strategic importance for Europe and the Union must be a protagonist and lead this process. This vision is conditioned by the fear, in Europe and the United States, that the vitality of political and financial action, especially in China, but also in Russia, could lead to cumbersome presences on the European borders, both from a geopolitical and a military point of view. This is a shared perplexity, which, however, cannot justify rash adhesions because they are not convinced of European values ​​and which, consequently, could become a factor of further alteration of the already fragile internal balances of the Union. The question is fundamental for the very survival of the European Union: accessions instrumental to the economic benefits of most of the countries of the former Soviet bloc should constitute a warning to practice an acceptance of new members based on more selective and secure criteria for the common European home. Too many times now cases such as the refusal to share migrants or the promulgation of illiberal laws and in blatant contrast with the inspiring principles of a united Europe, have sparked bitter confrontations among the members of the Union, which have slowed down their political life. It is also necessary to remember the case of Brexit, as an ever-present warning of a country never completely convinced of the European project, but able to ensure, however, substantial advantages for its economy. If the English doubts were based on utilitarian themes, for the Balkan countries the real question is whether these peoples and, consequently, the governments they express, have the necessary democratic maturity to be able to join Europe. Unfortunately, this question still has a negative answer if one thinks of the work and the laws, which trample on civil rights within the Union, of countries such as Poland and Hungary, which have proved to be clearly immature from the point of view of democratic thinking, probably because within them they have not carried out a process capable of elaborating democratic values ​​in a complete way. The presence, still too intrusive, within the societies of these countries of the anti-libertarian communist custom is still conditioning the ability to accept the social evolution of those countries, favoring a typical ideology in the ways of the far right, not far away, therefore, from the totalitarian conception in force in the Soviet bloc. If the parts of the Balkan countries really in favor of joining the Union, not only for the economic benefits, will be able to emerge and show a real change in the society of those countries, nothing will prevent them from entering Europe, but for the moment doubts many still appear. To further sacrifice European values, only to prevent the Chinese and Russian advance, appears to be a worse solution to the problem, when, on the other hand, it would be advisable to ask whether to continue to allow countries that are not deserving of this privilege to be part of Europe at all. Instead of a too inclusive policy, it would be preferable to implement more stringent inclusion criteria, necessary for greater protection of European cohesion. It can be objected that such a policy could alienate the pretenders to join the Union too far, up to totally contrary choices, however the Turkish example says that having prevented Ankara from entering Brussels has preserved Europe from having a a real dictatorship, which would only bring havoc within the European institutions, with completely destabilizing consequences for the life of the Union. It is therefore necessary to develop alternative tactics to an internal or external process, which know how to surpass the current times and methods of insertion, although certainly not short. One idea could be a collaboration based on a sort of federation to the Union of non-member states, with the possibility for European officials to examine the capacity of democracy and respect for rights from within the institutions of these countries, in order to obtain a more direct judgment of the real intentions of the candidate states. What is needed, in conclusion, is the verification of the real conviction of accession to Europe, to avoid entries due to the exclusive transposition of economic benefits, but also to prevent historical members of the Union from benefiting from them.

The military maneuvers of the Atlantic Alliance in Ukraine irritate Russia

Military exercises between Ukraine, the United States and the Atlantic Alliance risk jeopardizing the period of calm, albeit unstable, between Moscow and Washington. The détente that followed the Putin-Biden summit, which was held last month, is beginning to be just a memory. The Kremlin, in fact, perceives joint military maneuvers as an affront and a threat precisely because they are carried out in an area that Russia considers to be its exclusive influence. Of course this also implies reasons of international politics, which concern the expansionist attitude of the United States in Ukraine: the fundamental reason is that Moscow refuses to have troops of the Atlantic Alliance on its borders, which is also the reason why it has always rejected the possibility of the entry of Kiev both in the European Union and in the Atlantic Alliance itself. If in the opposition to an agreement with Brussels there are also economic reasons, the aversion to joining the Atlantic Alliance is justified by the fear of no longer having a physical space between the western garrisons and those of Moscow, with obvious potential close threats, especially of the missile type, which would expose the Russian country to a constant threat from the United States; this vision is of the medium term, while in the short term the functional need for Russian interests is that there are no allies of the Ukrainian country in the disputed territories with Moscow, where the fighting continues, capable of reversing the fate of the conflict. The numbers used say that Moscow is not wrong to fear these military maneuvers and also to interpret them as a threat towards Russia: in fact in 2019, the last exercises carried out before the pandemic, the participating countries were 19 against the current 32 and the ships soldiers employed went from 32 to 40. Undoubtedly this increase is due to Biden’s ability to aggregate allied countries and to have been able to focus Ukraine as a point of general interest for the Atlantic Alliance; in this Moscow was right to prefer Trump as a tenant of the White House and to commit himself to getting him re-elected. Beyond the political implications, the real objective of these exercises is to provide adequate training to the Ukrainian military regarding the methods and methods of combat of the Atlantic Alliance and this seems preparatory to an entry into the Western alliance more or less. official, but in any case with the intention of integrating the Ukrainian armed forces with those of the Atlantic Alliance, even if, in fact, these exercises have been held since 1997, but have acquired greater importance after the annexation of the Ukrainian territory of Crimea to the Russia, in a manner condemned by a large part of the international community. The fact that the United States is the major financier of military maneuvers must be associated with the willingness that Ukraine provides to use its territory as a logistical base and the possibility of access to foreign forces within it. The Russian grievances were of a military and geopolitical nature and close to clash when an English ship was accused of having violated the border of the territorial waters of Crimea and therefore of Russia, with the forces of Moscow opening fire on the ship of the Atlantic Alliance, first episode of its kind since the end of the Cold War. It is understood how this state of affairs can favor accidents that can degenerate into much heavier situations; paradoxically, the possible scenarios, in this historical phase, seem to be much more dangerous than when the cold war was underway which was based on the balance of terror and where each of the two contenders had well-defined fields, which could never have been surpassed. On the contrary, the strong precariousness of the current equilibrium seems to favor a series of conflicts with low potential intensity, but which can trigger much worse situations. One of the dangers is that Russia appears isolated, especially from Beijing, which could provide aid only if functional to its interests and in any case not in an equal way, but in such a way as to put Moscow in a subordinate role, this aspect of Russian isolation risks increasing in Moscow military actions that are not classic, but which have now entered modern practice: the activism of Russian hackers constitutes, in fact, a further unconventional battleground, which, however, risks involving classic weapons: an additional danger from a cornered nation that can no longer exercise its role as the first power which it has not renounced.

It is essential for Europe and the West to fight Islamic fundamentalism in Africa

Western countries fear the growth of radical Islamic movements in Africa, where episodes of violence have grown with a very significant increase, which counted about 5,000 attacks with over 13,000 victims, last year alone. The displacement of extremist formations, such as the Islamic State, from Asian countries, such as Syria and Iraq, where the phenomenon is practically under control, to African countries, following a path from east to west, places large parts of the African continent under close observation. also due to its relative proximity to Europe and the obvious contacts with issues such as emigration and energy supply, which are increasingly at the center of European problems. It should not be forgotten how, on the issue of emigration, the continuous disagreements between the members of the European Union can be exploited as a destabilizing factor by Islamic fundamentalists, increasingly allies of the gangs of human traffickers, both as a capacity to manage flows, and the introduction in Europe of potential agents capable of carrying out attacks. If the first countries threatened by these new developments, in the immediate future, are Italy and Spain, it is obvious that an inability of global management on the part of Europe affects the old continent, still very divided on the possible solutions to the issue. . The new American administration is very sensitive to this issue, because it bases its Atlantic leadership on collaboration with Europe and considers the security of the old continent to be a central topic of its geopolitical strategy. Probably Washington, internally, does not want to repeat the errors of assessment made by Obama, with the Syrian war and intends to prevent a military development of Islamist formations in Africa, where, moreover, they are already present and active, to prevent the opening of a a new front of commitment and, above all, of jeopardizing European security, which would imply an even greater effort for the USA. Currently the crucial geographical point is the Shael, where the presence of fundamentalists is favored by a scarce presence of the government forces of the various countries that govern the area, in addition to the physical conformation of the territory, which allows extreme freedom of movement for the Islamist militias. The spread of the pandemic has also favored the activity of fundamentalists, slowing down diplomatic meetings for the solution of the problem, however the assurance of collaboration in the fight against Islamic terrorism of the Central African Republic, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Mauritania and Yemen, represents a further guarantee that the problem is perceived at the supra-continental level as urgent and very dangerous. The law enforcement activity cannot fail to provide for a commitment on the field, but on this front the European countries are reluctant to engage their own personnel directly on African soil, rather a choice of intelligence operations is preferred, able to anticipate the moves terrorists and, above all, blocking the funding of fundamentalist groups. However, this approach appears to be only part of the possible solution to the problem: in fact, without a direct military conflict, it appears difficult to overcome the problem entirely, also because the physical presence of the terrorist formations, on the one hand, succeeds in proselytizing the populations of the area and with those who fail to integrate a regime of terror, which, in any case, represents a strong point in the garrison of the territory. The challenge for Westerners is to know how to involve the armies of the countries of the Shael belt, at least with funding, military supplies and the training of regular troops; certainly the funding will have to concern not only the military aspect but also, and in a substantial way, everything that may concern the development of the countries involved, in terms of infrastructures, medical facilities and development of the productive sectors. The African question, long postponed by Western countries, thus reappears in the form of urgency which has as its purpose the very security of Europe and the West, but is, at the same time, an opportunity for global development that cannot be wasted, also to wrest Africa from a Chinese influence, now badly tolerated by the Africans themselves.

North Korea in severe food famine, a new possible factor of instability in the Pacific

Kim Jong-un’s public acknowledgment of the gravity of North Korea’s food situation is an alarm not to be underestimated. The head of state of Pyongyang spoke of a very difficult situation for finding food, aggravated by the failure to comply with the production plan in agriculture, also due to damage caused by environmental and climatic issues. Agricultural production is considered essential not only to cope with the already difficult situation in the country but also to try to overcome the emergency linked to the pandemic; in fact, even if, officially, the North Korean country was not affected by the covid, the situation of serious malnutrition and with a health sector not up to the task, it is thought that the victims of the pandemic and also the poor production sector of the country have aggravated a state of affairs already in severe crisis. According to estimates, North Korea has about ten million, out of about twenty-five, of its population suffering from malnutrition and this affects the life of the country and the already compromised production capacity. Pyongyang suffers from a state of backwardness in its production structures, which prevents it from recovering from the crisis, to which must be added the nuclear sanctions, which have severely tested the survival capacity of entire social classes. According to the United Nations, the closure of the borders would have increased the prices of basic products exponentially and the non self-sufficiency of food in the country would have produced a state of severe famine. The food shortage was further increased by contingent climatic factors such as typhoons and heavy rains in the past months of August and September. The general picture is however incomplete due to the scarce access to the news that the regime determines and the few data available come from some humanitarian organizations that have access to it in any case in a partial way. The fact that Kim Jong-un publicly denounced the situation can have several meanings, one of which is incontrovertible: the situation in the country is certainly very serious. The Korean leader may have admitted the gravity of the crisis to hope for an easing of sanctions or to prepare the ground for a request for aid addressed first of all to China, the country’s only ally, but also to the United States. Biden has not yet addressed the problem of relations with North Korea and a form of aid to contain the food crisis could constitute a starting point for the resumption of bilateral relations, however Kim Jong-un has become accustomed to contradictory attitudes and the public recognition of the state of food crisis could also be used to blame that part of the international community responsible for the sanctions. In this perspective, the resumption of nuclear threats and the test launches of intercontinental missiles could take, in the mind of the dictator, new forms of blackmail to obtain advantages. From the point of view of internal politics, despite the serious crisis, a popular uprising capable of overthrowing the regime does not seem possible: the control is too intense and the population is too weak and exhausted to face a revolt, also because any external support is entirely impossible. Help could come in the form of supplies from South Korea, which could fear a huge influx towards its borders, a possibility also feared by China, which does not like the creation of refugee camps on its territory. For the moment, for Beijing, the interest that the Kim Jong-un regime remains in power is prevalent to avoid a union of the two Koreas that could only materialize under Seoul and that would bring the united country into the American orbit. The most logical solution should therefore be the arrival of aid from Beijing, in a quantity sufficient to avert the crisis but not to revive the country altogether, to maintain control of the possibility of replacing the regime with a government increasingly favorable to China. , but more controllable. In the confrontation between Beijing and Washington, every possible point in favor must be maintained and North Korea could become strategic for China if Beijing were able to fully control its moves.

China produces the first response to the West by flying over the skies of Taiwan

The showdown of the Chinese Air Force over the skies of Taiwan represents the most coherent response to Beijing’s intentions about what was agreed by the Western powers at the G7. The warning of Western leaders to the Chinese country that highlighted the importance of peace and stability on the Taiwan Strait, including through a peaceful resolution of the dispute, was perceived, as it was easy to imagine, as an interference in Beijing’s internal affairs. which has always considered Formosa as an integral part of its territory: an issue where other states, especially the USA, must not enter. Tension over Taiwan, whose government is not formally recognized by Washington, had already increased significantly with visits from US government officials and military aid from the United States, which is, in fact, Taipei’s main ally. China has never welcomed these developments and the adverse attitude that has developed from Western countries has determined the willingness to perform a show of strength. Beijing employed twenty-eight aircraft that reportedly entered the Taiwan Air Identification Zone. The feared resentment against the West thus immediately expressed what for Westerners and the US in particular, can only be understood as a provocation. In essence, an escalation of a military nature between the two parties would have started, without going through a political confrontation or economic conflict. It goes without saying that the dangerous potential that can arise from Chinese action promises to be dramatic. A possible scenario is that China implements repeatedly repeated threats to consider the military option to resolve the Taiwan issue, if this hypothesis were to become concrete for the US it would be impossible not to take sides in the defense of Taipei, with a possible involvement of other Western forces or the Atlantic Alliance itself. On the other hand, China cannot depart from the purpose it has publicly announced to the world, which is to prevent any attempt to break its sovereignty and security. In addition to Taiwan, this also involves Hong Kong and the Uighur issue. It is a question of defending, in addition to one’s own strategic interests, one’s image as an aspiring world power of the first level, which is part of Chinese ambitions and projects. Beijing’s mistake was that of wanting to relate to Western democracies without considering their point of view in the least and trying to impose their own with the use of soft power and economic strength, without succeeding in the intent. To dialogue with Western democracies, which are also the richest market in the world and therefore essential to China itself, the display of strength within the Chinese country and the neo-colonial attitude in developing countries cannot be accepted and European partners of the USA were waiting for nothing more than a president capable of reducing this opposition; opposition that is not only political but also economic: Chinese excessive power is badly tolerated by Westerners, who also use the violation of political and civil rights to sanction Beijing and try to reduce its economic weight. In the end, the issue, even geopolitical, risks being reduced to this element, which is however capable of dragging the relationship between the two parties to very serious effects. China’s warning is clear and it will be impossible not to take it into account.

The confrontation between the West and China increases

The common fears of the members of the Atlantic Alliance towards China have produced a completely predictable response from Beijing. The Chinese tactic is to turn everything against the People’s Republic into defamation, only that the international stage is not the domestic one, where information is controlled and criticism repressed. Beijing denies implementing systemic challenges against international security, which is, by now, the official and common opinion of the West, or at least of Western governments, ignoring the influence it wants to exert on developing countries, through a credit policy that easily turn into very onerous debts, aggressive financial policies, non-compliance with civil rights and economic growth obtained with the absence of guarantees for workers, a very low cost of labor often obtained with methods that touch slavery. Denying this is obvious because we cannot present the world with these characteristics, but the very globalized world that the Chinese like is the main tool to unmask them. In the note from the Beijing diplomatic mission accredited to the European Union, the West is reproached for still being stuck in a cold war mentality, but this situation is the one created by China itself. Which pursues policies, especially internal, but also external, in complete contrast with Western values, and it is clear that if each party is legitimate to support its own reasons, it is legitimate for the West to see present-day China for itself, as a threat. Beijing has become one of the worst victims of Trump’s defeat: with the previous US president, the confrontation dialectic was at the highest level, but without too many consequences, moreover, Trump’s aversion for Europe had brought dialogue with the western allies; Biden’s attitude is quite different, as he turns out to be a much more formidable enemy for China, precisely because, in addition to maintaining his distrust of Chinese power, he was able to recompose the West towards traditional ties with the USA: a factor that gives it only weakens Beijing and isolates it from the richest markets in the world, an issue to which China is very sensitive because it is functional to those objectives of economic growth, which have long been at the center of Chinese objectives, also as an element of geopolitics. Beyond the battleground of the economy, which is by no means secondary, the unity of vision matured in the Western camp against Chinese authoritarianism, allows Western states to move away from China, towards which it was dangerously approached due to the worsening of relations caused by Trump. From the point of view of the consequences, the danger of a China isolated from the West is that of a further recourse to the expansion of armaments, a direction, moreover, already undertaken for some time, which however, with these latest developments, could induce Beijing to accelerate towards demonstrations of force as he has repeatedly threatened. Think of the garrison of the naval routes of those it considers waters of its relevance, of the issues of the disputed islands and of the most potentially dangerous event constituted by Taiwan, which Beijing has never formally renounced, considering it an integral part of the Chinese territory. Even further, it should be remembered that China has always claimed to want to defend its interests, if this concept is extended to the defense of the possibility of making investments considered strategic for its objectives, it will be interesting to see Beijing’s reaction in the face of a possible conflict. to Chinese activism in Western countries. The most likely reaction passes from a trade war, which is not convenient for anyone, because it can block or strongly compress the world economy, however the one that has the most to lose is precisely China, if the major world markets were foreclosed, in that case it seems easy to foresee the performance of a show of strength, with potentially irreparable consequences. Before reaching that point, however, there must be the work of diplomacy, with the threat of a possible return of Trump on the US scene, who will be the real balance for a whole series of situations capable of overturning the current structure and for which, probably, China, but also Russia will work in favor; therefore the success of the West, also as practical and abstract values, passes through the success of the current American president, who must make his project to strengthen relations with the West effective: a task capable of bringing history back on track from which she had come out.