Recognize Taiwan

At the moment, only 22 nations officially recognize Taiwan, due to the opposition of China, which considers the island of Formosa to be part of its sovereignty. The obvious economic importance of Beijing on the global scene prevents, for reasons of expediency, Taiwan’s aspirations to be officially recognized internationally and contacts with foreign states take place only informally, through commercial and representative offices of the type entrepreneurial; in reality these offices are often real hidden diplomatic representations, precisely in order not to hurt the Chinese giant. The issue is not secondary, after the Chinese threats brought with the tests of force through the overflight of military aircraft from Beijing on Taiwan’s space and the statements of the Chinese president, who, once again, spoke expressly of the need to join the territory. Taiwan with the Chinese motherland according to the method of one state two systems, already used with Hong Kong, but then absolutely not maintained. The Chinese leadership considers the annexation of Taiwan to be of fundamental importance for its geopolitical project, as well as from an internal perspective, it is functional to the project to dominate the marine communication routes, considered increasingly essential for the movement of goods; however, the internal perspective is considered very important by the Beijing government, because it is considered a sort of mass distraction from the problems of the repression of Uighur Muslims, the situation in Hong Kong and how dissent is treated in general. The Chinese government intends to use nationalism to shift attention away from internal problems, which also include the difficult debt situation of local authorities, on which the entire national debt is paid, and the crisis states of many Chinese companies, of which the housing bubble is only the most obvious aspect. It is clear that Beijing’s ambitions in the region are not to the liking of the Western countries involved in the area. The increasing attention of the United States has resulted in a greater presence in the area and in the construction of military alliances with a clear anti-Chinese function. Recently, the news that US military instructors are present in Taiwan to train the local army in asymmetric warfare, to face a possible Chinese invasion, has increased the tension between the two superpowers. The central question is whether there is a real possibility of conflict, given that a Western reaction is to be taken for granted in the event of a Chinese invasion of Taiwan. According to some analysts, a military drift would be highly probable in the case of a war initiative by China; this eventuality would have enormous repercussions on the entire global scale of relations between states and also from an economic point of view, causing a worldwide contraction of the overall gross domestic product and of the individual states. This scenario is therefore to be avoided in any case, using peaceful means. One solution could be the recognition by several possible states of Taiwan as a sovereign and autonomous state entity, a recognition made by a large number of nations and carried out with a contemporary timing, would force Beijing to take note of this new state of affairs, without have the possibility of retaliation against countries that want to recognize Taiwan internationally. China, faced with such an international mobilization, would be obliged to adopt a different and certainly more moderate attitude towards Taiwan. The implementation of this recognition in such a vast audience does not seem to be an easy thing, but it deserves in-depth considerations because its effects would be able to defuse the threat of a conflict with uncertain outcomes and would limit the international dimension of Beijing, arousing, finally also effects on the state of human and civil rights of the Chinese country. Instead of engaging only in preventive rearmament, which would be the only foundation of an armed peace, the diplomatic solution of Taiwan’s recognition could represent a peaceful and intelligent solution, capable of allowing a reunion of the Western camp, now more necessary than ever, together. to a very strong signal towards China and as a reaction to its expansionism.